Glossary

November 2018: This glossary is being moved over from another web host. Under construction.

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A (back to top)

accidic

acosmic

adminicle

Aesopical

aggiornamento

agnates

aigrette

agonistic

Aldershottian

alpenglow

altermondialist

altricial

ambarvalia

amigados

amortize

anakalypteria

analphabetism

andirons

anexelegktos

anfractuosity

animadversion

anosognosia

antimacassar

antipeponthos

apocatastasis

apostrophize

archaism

argot

astrakhan

accidic (back to top)

noun. A sociopath. From accidie (sloth, laziness, apathy, despair)

“The accidic is an ‘outsider’ who is completely detached from both the ‘positive’ and ‘negative’ sides of the value continuum.”

Criminologist S. Giora Shoham. Quoted in Kathleen Norris. Acedia & Me: A Marriage, Monks, and a Writer’s Life. New York: Riverhead Books, 2008. p. 119.

acosmic (back to top)

Transcending the world.

“The way of a sannyasi or a sannyasini (nun) in India is an acosmic path — that is, not of this world. It transcends the values, attachments, and obligations of worldly existence.”

Wayne Teasdale. A Monk in the World: Cultivating a Spiritual Life. Novato, Calif.: New World Library, 2002. p. xxii.

adminicle (back to top)

In Scots law: A document giving evidence as to the existence or contents of another, missing document.

“But happily for the investor, forgery is an affair of practice….the floor bare, the sofa heaped with books and accounts enveloped in a dirty table-cloth, the pens rusted, the paper glazed with a thick film of dust; and yet these were but adminicles of misery, and the true root of his depression lay round him on the table in the shape of misbegotten forgeries.”

Robert Louis Stevenson and Lloyd Osbourne. The Wrong Box. (1889) London: Pan Books, 1966. pp. 72-73.

Aesopical (back to top)
Meaning uncertain.

“The Black, or Negro-Eunuchs, are appointed to guard the Apartment of the Women, and they make choice, for that office, of the most deform’d and most Aesopical, that can be found.”

Jean-Baptiste Tavernier, quoted in Peter Tompkins. The Eunuch and the Virgin: A Study of Curious Customs. New York: Bramhall House, 1962. p 49.

aggiornamento (back to top)

Daily living for monks and nuns.

“In the jargon of aggiornamento, asceticism can hardly class as an ‘in’ word.”

Donald L. Gelpi, S.J. Functional Asceticism: A Guideline for American Religious. New York: Sheed and Ward, 1966. p. 15.

agnates (back to top)

“The honor of a group of agnates is collective, and all assume full and equal responsibility for violently avenging any dishonor to any of them, whether it results from insult, injury, or homicide, or fornication or adultery with a wife, sister, or mother (Barth, 1965: 81–6, 137).”

Alan Page Fiske and Tage Shakti Rai. Virtuous Violence: Hurting and Killing to Create, Sustain, End, and Honor Social Relationships. Cambridge University Press, 2014.

agonistic (back to top)

“At the same time, the communal guest–host bond is the complement and reflection of the agonistic relations among all men in honor cultures: every man is potential guest and host to every other honorable man.”

Alan Page Fiske and Tage Shakti Rai. Virtuous Violence: Hurting and Killing to Create, Sustain, End, and Honor Social Relationships. Cambridge University Press, 2014.

aigrette (back to top)

”Thwarted in this, she hurried to fasten the aigrette set with diamonds and its three rust brown pheasant feathers over an unsightly bulge of fabric in the turban’s center front.”

Ann Chamberlin. The Sultan’s Daughter. New York: Forge, 1997. pp. 103-104.

Aldershottian (back to top)

Aldershottian

“In reactionary Russia in our own century a woman soldier organized an effective regiment of amazons, which disappeared only because it was Aldershottian enough to be against the Revolution.”

George Bernard Shaw, in his 1924 Preface to Saint Joan. New York: Penguin Books, Inc., 1946. p. 17.

alpenglow (back to top)

“When the first beams of sunlight hit the snow-covered mountains of Colorado each morning, the reflection of the sun’s rays turns the white snow pink. This hue is called alpenglow, and it is a beautiful sight to behold.”

Brian Luke Seaward. Stand Like Mountain, Flow Like Water: Reflections on Stress and Human Spirituality. (1997) Deerfield Beach, Fla.: Health Communications, Inc. 2007. p. 299.

altermondialist (back to top)

“More and more intellectuals and organization leaders of Arab, African, or Asian descent (mainly but not exclusively Muslims) have developed a position on successive Israeli governments and have rallied left-wing, far left, or altermondialist (but also right-wing and center-right) political movements that criticize Israeli policies.”

Tariq Ramadan. What I Believe. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010. p. 104.

altricial (back to top)

“There are two kinds of hatching development types that occur in birds; precocial and altricial. Precocial chicks are those that can walk, have down, open eyes, and are ready to eat on their own within hours of hatching. … Crows (in fact all corvids) have altricial young which are naked little jelly-bean monsters with closed eyes upon hatching and are reliant on their parents/family for weeks to months to nearly a year (depending on the species).”

“I Am Not A Baby Crow!” Jennifer Campbell-Smith. The Corvid Blog. 13 October 2013.

ambarvalia (back to top)
An ancient Roman magical ceremony involving walking around the fields.

H. J. Rose. Religion in Greece and Rome. New York: Harper and Row, 1959. Originally published as Ancient Greek Religion (1946) and Ancient Roman Religion (1948), London: Hutchinson and Co., Limited.

amigados (back to top)

“A man had lived with a woman for eighteen years. They were not married, just amigados

* * *

And if a woman had lived with a man, bearing him children, she said so, and she neither lowered her eyes nor blushed with shame. She did, however, distinguish between amigado, or a state of nature, and that blessed condition achieved by the cacique mumbling a few words in Latin over her uncomprehending head; but without heat or emphasis. It was just a fact, of no importance.”

Julian Duguid. Green Hell. London: George Newnes, 1935. p. 34, 157.

amortize (back to top)

To cause to shrink over time, as payments on a loan decrease one’s debt. From the Latin for “death.”

“Such is the double effect of the temporal procession on our sentiments, and even more so on ressentiment: time discolors all the colors and tarnishes the flash of emotions, time amortizes joy just as it consoles pain, time puts gratitude to sleep just as it disarms rancor, the one and the other indistinctly.”

Vladimir Jankelevitch. Forgiveness. Translated by Andrew Kelley. University of Chicago Press, 2005. Originally Le Pardon, 1967. p 29.

anakalypteria (back to top)

The “gifts of uncovering” that a bride gives to her groom after he removes her veil.

H. J. Rose. Religion in Greece and Rome. New York: Harper and Row, 1959. p 33. Originally published as Ancient Greek Religion (1946) and Ancient Roman Religion (1948), London: Hutchinson and Co., Limited.

analphabetism (back to top)

Lack of an alphabet; illiteracy.

“…we [the Jews] are the only people who have never known analphabetism.”

Hannah Arendt, interviewed by French writer Roger Errera in The New York Review of Books, Oct. 26, 1978.

andirons (back to top)

“The andirons with the brass flowers at the ends appeared unreal; the burning logs were just logs that were burning and not the comfortable symbols of an indestructible mode of life.”

Ford Madox Ford. The Good Soldier. Originally 1915. New York: W. W. Norton and Co., 1995. p 141. The footnote defines “andirons” as: “Pair of horizontal bars with short feet, one placed on each side of hearth to support burning wood.”

“We wound up on the brick hearth, my hair full of ashes and my head tender from where it had bumped against the andiron.”

Leah Hager Cohen. No Book But the World. New York: Riverhead Books, 2014. p. 280.

related: fender

“Macaulay issued his impromptu definition of an educated man – one who reads Plato with his feet on the fender. He meant, of course, reads Plato in Greek (and perhaps it would be well to add that he meant by a fender something that goes around a fireplace).”

Edward Le Comte, introduction to “Lycidas.” John Milton. Paradise Lost and Other Poems. New York: Penguin, 1981. p. 216.

anexelegktos (back to top)

“As being beyond scrutiny (anexelegktos), such stories, wrote Thucydides, ‘won their way to the mythical’ (muthodes), a term, that, as G. E. R. Lloyd observes, ‘clearly acquires pejorative undertones’ when used ‘in a collocation associated with unverifiability.'”

Lisa Zunshine. Why We Read Fiction: Theory of Mind and the Novel. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 2006, revised March 2012. (Kindle Edition.)

anfractuosity (back to top)

“Deprived of the hunter’s instinct that had then driven us (or so it was, at least, for Abbot Melani), we dragged ourselves forward, suffering even more from the anfractuosities of the way, although my travelling companion was unwilling to admit it.”

Rita Monaldi and Francesco Sorti. Imprimatur. (2002) Translated from Italian to English by Peter Burnett (2008). Edinburgh: Polygon, 2008. p. 89.

animadversion (back to top)

Criticism.

“But after the fourteenth century the practices which fell under such a description were thought unworthy of any particular animadversion, unless they were connected with something which would have been of itself a capital crime, by whatever means it had been either essayed or accomplished.”

Sir Walter Scott, Letters on Demonology and Witchcraft (1830)

“Across the garden, a crow laughed derisively and muttered a few animadversions about upstart braggarts.”

Robert Anton Wilson. Coincidance: A Head Test. (1988) Temple, Ariz.: New Falcon Publications, 1996. p. 228.

“The likeness is what he is claiming, is formed by his perception — even if the likeness then also becomes itself the object of animadversion.”

Berel Lang. Heidegger’s Silence. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 1996. p. 17.

“Gorgias salvó a su acarnio de la disciplina a cuentagotas y de otros inconvenientes similares, por lo que la ya franca animadversión de Esquines se tornó enfermiza.”

Vicente Herrasti. La muerte del filósofo (Acarnia en lontananza). (2004) Mexico: Santillana Ediciones Generales, 2008. p. 40.

“After some wounding comments [to Robert Southey about his poems] – ‘the four last lines appear to drag excrementitiously’ – Coleridge concluded: ‘I have animadverted on those poems only which are my particular favorites.’”
Adam Sisman. The Friendship: Wordsworth and Coleridge. New York: Viking, 2007. p. 149. Citing STC to RS, 27 December 1796; Collected Letters of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, ed. E.L. Griggs (Oxford, 1956-71) 6 vols, 1, 290-1.

anosognosia (back to top)

“The word — which derives from the Greek nosos, “disease,” and gnosis, “knowledge” — denotes the inability to acknowledge disease in oneself. * * * Emotion and feeling are nowhere to be found in anosognosic patients, and perhaps this is the only felicitous aspect of their otherwise tragic condition. Perhaps it is no surprise that these patients’ planning for the future, their personal and social decision-making, is profoundly impaired. Paralysis is perhaps the least of their troubles.”

Antonio R. Damasio. Descartes’ Error: Emotion, Reason, and the Human Brain. New York: Avon Books, 1998. p 62, 64.

“The word anosognosia means that a patient does not recognize or understand the nature of his illness. People sometimes experience anosognosia after strokes or brain injuries, and with diseases of the brain like Alzheimer’s.

Ken Duckworth, MD, medical director of the National Alliance on Mental Illness and an assistant professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School in Boston, says, ‘Half of [all] people [with schizophrenia] don’t recognize that they’re sick.'”

“When schizophrenics don’t recognize their illness.” Connie Brichford. Everyday Health. June 9, 2014. Accessed Feb. 13, 2018.

anosognosia (back to top)

antimacassar

A cloth meant to protect furniture from the oil of human skin.

“…I would turn to and fro between the prayer-desk and the stamped velvet armchairs, each one always draped in its crocheted antimacassar…”

Marcel Proust. Swann’s Way (Du Cote de Chez Swann, 1917). Translated by C. K. Scott Moncrieff (1921). New York: The Heritage Press, 1954. p. 51.

“Maybe all that languor of yesteryear is still out there somewhere in a slag heap of antimacassars and long sentences with dependent clauses, along with all the discarded decorative stuff that junks up art and clear communication.”

Patricia Hampl. Blue Arabesque: A Search for the Sublime. Orlando, Fl.: Harcourt, 2006. p. 11.

antimacassar (back to top)

A cloth meant to protect furniture from the oil of human skin.

“…I would turn to and fro between the prayer-desk and the stamped velvet armchairs, each one always draped in its crocheted antimacassar…”

Marcel Proust. Swann’s Way (Du Cote de Chez Swann, 1917). Translated by C. K. Scott Moncrieff (1921). New York: The Heritage Press, 1954. p. 51.

“Maybe all that languor of yesteryear is still out there somewhere in a slag heap of antimacassars and long sentences with dependent clauses, along with all the discarded decorative stuff that junks up art and clear communication.”

Patricia Hampl. Blue Arabesque: A Search for the Sublime. Orlando, Fl.: Harcourt, 2006. p. 11.

antipeponthos (back to top)

Corrective justice (Greek).

Used multiple times in Vladimir Jankelevitch. Forgiveness. Translated by Andrew Kelley. University of Chicago Press, 2005. Originally Le Pardon, 1967.

apocatastasis (back to top)

Reconstitution, restitution, or restoration to the original or primordial condition. (Greek: ἀποκατάστασις, apokatástasis)

“…that road, the one that conducts her without let or hindrance to a point of crisis: to endings and apocatastasis.”

Nick Harkaway. Gnomon. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2018. p. 4.

apostrophize (back to top)

To address someone who is not present, rhetorically.

“As I was in ignorance of the Ambassador’s good intentions, I abused him roundly, and when I found myself alone in a sort of jail I apostrophized His Excellency in terms with which my association with the convicts and my sea voyage had made me familiar.”

Nicolas Fromaget. Eunuchs, Odalisques, and Love: A Frenchman’s Amatory Adventures in Turkey. (Translated into English from the French Le Cousin de Mahomet, ou la Folie Salutaire (1742); translator unknown.) New York: Panurge Press, 1932. p. 41. (The author died in 1759; his year of birth is unknown and there is no surviving portrait or personal anecdote.)

“I thought that he was probably at the door, accompanied by the Cadi, so as to force me to be circumcised in view of the position in which I had been discovered with a Mahometan woman. I was so firmly convinced of this, that I pushed her roughly, not to say brutally, away from me, and extricated myself from her ardent embraces, apostrophizing her in terms which should have covered her with shame had she been susceptible of such a feeling.”

Ibid. pp. 188-189.

see also eastwood

To apostrophize someone represented by an empty chair. A verb coined Aug. 30, 2012 after actor Clint Eastwood spoke to the U.S. Republican Party Convention using an empty chair as a prop representing the current President Obama.

“At times, Eastwood sent the crowd into laughing fits when he pretended Obama was offering colorful objections. “What do you want me to tell Romney?” Eastwood asked the empty chair. … The Twitter handle ‘Invisible Obama,’ which said it was sitting ‘Stage left of Clint Eastwood,’ quipped that ‘The GOP built me.’ An hour after Eastwood’s speech, it already had 20,000 followers. The move spawned a new trend with people posting photos of themselves pointing at empty chairs with the hashtag ‘eastwooding.'”

“Eastwood, the empty chair and the speech everyone’s talking about.” Halimah Abdullah, CNN. August 31, 2012.

archaism (back to top)

An ancient or old-fashioned word or idiom.

“However, it is very legitimate to ask, whether Sharia is embraced in an effort to stem the tide of cultural alienation, an effort to return to “the good old days” (archaism in the words of Arnold Toynbee), or whether there may be an altogether different motive as the driving force.”

“Acceptance of Sharia Law in Nigeria.” Margit Cleveland, General Manager, RMS Media Services. www.internews.org/rmsmedia/sharia/sharia.html

argot (back to top)

Jargon.

“In evangelicals’ argot, you might say that there on the carpet I was convicted of my sinfulness.

Lauren F. Winner. Girl Meets God: A Memoir. New York: Random House, 2002. p. 255.

astrakhan (back to top)

Lamb’s wool, named after a city in Russia.

“She makes an imposing picture in high, laced boots, black underwear, a kind of lion tamer’s uniform, a gray astrakhan cap, and a mouth full of gold teeth.”

Erich Maria Remarque’s The Black Obelisk (1957). USA: Crest, 1958. p. 179.

B (back to top)

baetylia

bamboozle

banth

bazuco

beeves

befurbelowed

beslubbered

betel quids

bezoar

BFO

bibelot

bibliolatry

blackguardly scurrility

black world

bolmakissie

bombyx

bonzeling

borborygms

bovaryism

Brobdignagian

brogrammer

brutiful

bumf

bumptious

bureaucracy

burke

baetylia (back to top)

A sacred stone. A Romanization of the Hebrew, Beth El, where Jacob built a stone pillar according to the Bible.

See: George Ryley Scott. Phallic Worship: A History of Sex and Sexual Rites. (1966) London: Senate, 1996. p 109. Cited to Thomas Lewis, Book V, Ch 4, p 24.

bamboozle (back to top)

To fool or deceive.

“We have been bamboozled, however, by religionists, by politicians, by our fathers and mothers, by all sorts of people who tell us, ‘You’re not [eternal and part of the universe].’ ”

Alan Watts. “The Philosophy of Meditation,” in Still the Mind: An Introduction to Meditation. Novato, California: New World Library, 2000. p 91-2.

banth (back to top)

“Simultaneously the creature shot into moonlight in full charge upon her, its tail erect, its tiny ears laid flat, its great mouth with its multiple rows of sharp and powerful fangs already yawning for its prey, its ten legs carrying it forward in great leaps, and now from the beast’s throat issued the frightful roar with which it seeks to paralyze its prey. It was a banth — the great, maned lion of Barsoom.”
Edgar Rice Burroughs. The Chessmen of Mars (Barsoom, #5). 1922.

bazuco (back to top)

“The Colombian capital is trying to wean addicts off a crack-like drug by giving them high-potency marijuana. In pilot program, 300 people addicted to bazuco, a cheap cocaine derivative that is as addictive as heroin, will receive marijuana bred with a high THC content to relieve the anxiety and jitters of withdrawal. Bazuco has become a public health crisis in Bogotá, where at least 7,500 of an estimated 9,500 homeless people are addicts. Possession of small quantities of marijuana is legal in Colombia, but dealing it is not.”

“Bogotá, Colombia: Medical marijuana.” The Week, May 17, 2013. p. 6.

beeves (back to top)

Cattle.

“One way a band select from forage drives

A herd of beeves, fair oxen and fair kine,

From a fat meadow-ground, or fleecy flock,

Ewes and their bleating lambs, over the plain…”

John Milton. “Paradise Lost,” Book XI, Lines 646-649. Paradise Lost and Other Poems. [Paradise Lost was published in 1667.] New York: Penguin, 1981. p. 317.

“‘The animals selected were beeves about to undergo slaughter in the Chicago stock-yards,’ wrote La Garde, deeply perplexing the ten or fifteen people who would be reading his book later than the 1930s, when the word ‘beeves,’ meaning cattle, dropped from everyday discourse.”

Mary Roach. Stiff: The Curious Lives of Human Cadavers. New York: Norton, 2004. p. 134.

“While Gen. Travis laid in a supply of extra ‘beeves’ in advance of the Mexican assault from Gen. Santa Anna at the Alamo, we are fearful of running low on Slim Jims and Moon Pies as the Walmarts are turned into detention centers for citizens robbed of their constitutional rights.”

“We Texans are brave enough to resist Pentagon.” James C. Moore. CNN. May 6, 2015.

befurbelowed (back to top)

“Children, freshly befurbelowed, were gathering for their games under the oaks.”

Kate Chopin. The Awakening. (1899) New York: Avon, 1972. P. 23.

beslubbered (back to top)

Probably a coinage from slobber, to drool or lick so that something is covered with saliva, and blubber, the fat of sea mammals.

“In due time he was dragged across, half strangled and dreadfully beslubbered by the feculent waters.”

Ambrose Bierce. “The City of Political Distinction.” Printed in The Monk and the Hangman’s Daughter, and Fantastic Fables. New York: Albert & Charles Boni, 1926. p. 193.

betel quids (back to top)

“Heavy users of betel quids reveal their addiction when they smile. Their teeth are stained a reddish-black, dyed from years of chewing potent parcels of areca nuts and tobacco, wrapped in a lime-coated betel leaf.”

“Nothing to smile about: Asia’s deadly addiction to betel nuts.” Hilary Whiteman, CNN, Nov. 5, 2013.

bezoar (back to top)

A kind of brain tumor or stone believed by alchemists to have magical properties.

“A bird with such trivial news to impart surely harbors no bezoar in his skull…”

Sjón. From the Mouth of the Whale. (2008) Translated from the Icelandic by Victoria Cribb (2011). New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2013. p. 19.

BFO (back to top)

“BFO — blazing flash of the obvious”

Perry M. Smith. Assignment: Pentagon: How to Excel in a Bureaucracy. Third Edition. Washington, DC: Brassey’s, Inc. 2002. (Originally 1989.) p 64.

bibelot (back to top)

An ornament.

“The absence of any artwork whatsoever on the walls, the lack of bibelots and mementoes, the disinterest in beautifying the space in any way reminded her too much of how Allwine had lived.”

Dean Koontz. Frankenstein: Prodigal Son (#1 of 5 in the Frankenstein series) (2005) Bantam, 2007.

bibliolatry (back to top)

Worship of a book. (From “bible” and “idolatry”.)

“Wherever bibliolatry has prevailed, bigotry and cruelty have accompanied it.”

T. H. Huxley, Science and Hebrew Tradition. Quoted in Ibn Warraq. Why I Am Not a Muslim. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 1995. p 104.

blackguardly scurrility (back to top)

“…there is only one other apparent way of accounting for the sympathetic representation of Joan as a heroine culminating in her eloquent appeal to the Duke of Burgundy, followed by the blackguardly scurrility of the concluding scenes.”

George Bernard Shaw, in his 1924 Preface to Saint Joan. New York: Penguin Books, Inc., 1946. p. 20.

black world / white world (back to top)

U.S. Department of Defense slang for secret defense operations and the open civilian world, respectively.

“‘The computers that were secretly developed to go to the moon are now on your desktop,’ Nick Cook, aerospace consultant for Jane’s Defence Weekly told CNN. ‘It all ends up in the commercial world in some ways, but black world technology is hard to penetrate in terms of figures and types of programs,’ he said.”

“New technology from ‘black world’.” Nick Easen for CNN. Monday, September 8, 2003.

“During Desert Storm, a number of black programs ‘turned white.’ For instance, the public knows much more abut the F-117 (stealth fighter) than it did before 1991.”

Perry M. Smith. Assignment: Pentagon: How to Excel in a Bureaucracy. Third Edition. Washington, DC: Brassey’s, Inc. 2002. (Originally 1989.) p 49.

A zebra study is an “Analysis of black and white programs in a coherent and complete way”.

Perry M. Smith. Assignment: Pentagon: How to Excel in a Bureaucracy. Third Edition. Washington, DC: Brassey’s, Inc. 2002. (Originally 1989.) p 69.

bolmakissie (back to top)

Head over heels.

“He left Oom plastering his head against the krantz to hold it up, while–pht!–he shot away, and never stopped till he got safe home, where he rolled bolmakissie over and over, laughing to think how he had cheated all the animals again.”

Sanni Metelerkamp. Outa Karel’s Stories: South African Folk-Lore Tales. London: Macmillan and Co., 1914.

bombyx (back to top)

“The under-robe was of soft sea-green bombyx silk, with a broad border, delicately embroidered, of a garland of roses and buds.”

Georg Ebers. Serapis. New York: William S. Gottsberger, 1885. p. 82

bonzeling (back to top)
“An entire flock of shaven-headed little bonzelings filled the offices of choristers, servants and kitchen boys.”

Charles Pettit. The Son of the Grand Eunuch. New York: Blue Ribbon Books, Inc., 1927. p. 103.

borborygms (back to top)

“Or else, a sort of internal rumbling would begin to run along the various hidden pipes. Then these borborygms would come to a stop, close at hand or in the distance, and burst, one after the other, precipitately. … The last borborygm had disappeared briskly, like the last of a file of rats into a hole.”

Jules Romains. The Body’s Rapture. Originally issued in French under the title Psyché, in three parts: Lucienne, Le Dieu des Corps, and ’Quand le Navire…’ Translated from the French by John Rodker. New York: Liveright, Inc. 1933. p. 303.

bovaryism (back to top)

“…many of us are deeply marked by literary characters, to the point where we are no longer able to tell the difference between reality and fiction. This phenomenon is richly illustrated by works like Don Quixote or Madame Bovary. (In fact, it could be described as “bovaryism.”) In this state, the subconscious fails to recognize the fictive quality of literary characters and comes to see them as just as real as the inhabitants of our world, and perhaps even more so.”

Pierre Bayard. Sherlock Holmes was Wrong: Reopening the Case of The Hound of the Baskervilles. Translated from the French by Charlotte Mandell. New York: Bloomsbury, 2008. p. 113.

Brobdignagian (back to top)

“I will let this son of Mars—the officer—relate his adventure in his own grandiose style, and with all its Brobdignagian proportions.”

Samuel S. Cox. The Isles of the Princes; or, the Pleasures of Prinkipo. New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1887. p. 272.

“The Brobdingnagian watchman is admirably contrived, and the whole of that scene well calculated to excite wonder and amazement.”

Theatre No. XIV. Covent Garden. Account of Friar Bacon, a new Pantomime. Rambler’s Magazine, January 1784.

brogrammer (back to top)

A computer programmer who is a “bro” (“brother”).

“He was tall and good-looking, with a kind of brogrammer affability.”

“The War to Sell You a Mattress is an Internet Nightmare.” David Zax. Fast Company. Oct. 16, 2017.

brutiful (back to top)

A combination of “brutal” and “beautiful.”

”Is God coming?

I know what you mean.

Have there ever been two more perfect, two more brutiful sentences uttered?”

“The most honest, beautiful, important question I have ever heard anyone ask.” Glennon Doyle Melton. Momastery. April 1, 2015.

bumf (back to top)

Useless papers. Abbrevation for bum-fodder.

“He had better things to do with his Saturday afternoon than waste it on bureaucratic bumf.”

Philip Bedford Robinson. Masque of a Savage Mandarin: A Comedy of Horrors. (1969) Great Britain: Panther, 1974. p. 42.

“…of those who received unsolicited adverts through the post, only 3% bought anything as a result. If the bumf arrived electronically, the take-up rate was 0.1%.”

“No hiding place.” The Economist, May 25, 2013, p. 80.

bumptious (back to top)

“And then along came Hugo Chávez, a bumptious Venezuelan former lieutenant colonel who, having staged a failed military coup against a democratic government, got himself elected as president in 1998.”

“Hugo Chávez’s rotten legacy.” The Economist. March 9, 2013. p. 10.

bureaucracy (back to top)

Resembling an extremely primitive life-form; like the substance from which life evolved; slimy.

“The first appearance of the word ‘bureaucracy’ (la bureaucratie) in print was in a July 1764 issue of Melchior von Grimm’s Correspondance littéraire, the biweekly newsletter of arts, letters, and politics whose subscription list included some of the most powerful names in Europe. … Grimm recounted how [Vincent de] Gournay had once remarked to him that ‘we have in France an illness that takes a terrible toll; this illness is called bureaumania.’ He even described this mania as ‘a fourth or fifth form of government, by the name of bureaucracy.’

This new word ‘bureaucracy’ simultaneously invoked and violated a well-worn semiotic code. To the classic three regimes, democracy, aristocracy, and monarchy—that is, rule by the many, the few, and the one—Gournay had now added rule by a piece of office furniture. This piece of furniture was expandable, metonymically, to include the men who sat behind it, the offices in which they found themselves, and ultimately the entire state apparatus. More than an ordinary neologism, ‘bureaucracy’ was a pun, a ‘rattling of the semiotic chain,’ as Lacan says.

* * *

Indeed, the word ‘bureaucracy’ might have disappeared from the lexicon altogether had it not been either reinvented or rediscovered—it is not clear which—in the final months of the Old Regime. In 1788, Louis-Sebastien Mercier, the chronicler of Parisian life and letters, explained in his Tableau de Paris that ‘bureaucracy’ was ‘a word recently coined to indicate, in a clear and concise manner, the overgrown power possessed by simple clerks who, in the various offices of the administration, make up and push forward all sorts of projects, which they find most often in dusty drawers in the offices, and which they favor for reasons of their own, good or bad.’ These men, he added, ‘are all the more powerful with their pens because their actions are never visible.’”

Ben Kafka. The Demon of Writing: Powers and Failures of Paperwork. New York: Zone Books, 2012. p. 77, 80.

burke (back to top)

“For his part, William Burke [who smothered people in Edinburgh in the early 1800s and sold their bodies to anatomists] was eventually brought to justice. A crowd of more than 25,000 watched him hang. Hare was granted immunity, much to the disgust of the gallows crowd, who chanted “Burke Hare!” – meaning “Smother Hare,” “burke” having made its way into the popular vernacular as a synonym for “smother.” Hare probably did as much smothering as Burke, but “She’s been hared!” lacks the pleasing Machiavellian fricatives of “She’s been burked!” and the technicality is easily forgiven.”

Mary Roach. Stiff: The Curious Lives of Human Cadavers. New York: Norton, 2004. p. 51.

C (back to top)

cabalistic flapdoodle

cacique

caique

cairngorn

calaboosed

calibanism

caparisoned

capercailzie

captious

cardiognosis

carissime

carminative

carom

casque

catafalque

cathect

cavaillons

ceiled

chaleur

chamfered

chantey

chapfallen

charmylopi

charpoy

chemolithoautotrophic

cheshbon nefesh

chimerical

churl

clitpenoid

clusterfrack

cocotte

coffle

compassarium

concordat

condign

confab

conscientization

conspicuous austerity

contumelious

cooee

coracle

cosmomorphism

cottabus

counterworld

cowboy up

crapulous

critter

cryoprotection

cuckold

cucurbit

cunya

curragh

cynic spasm

cynocertain

cytoarchitectonic

cabalistic flapdoodle (back to top)
Airy-fairy nonsense.
“Himmler was a mighty devotee of cabalistic flapdoodle…”
Clive James. Cultural Amnesia: Necessary Memories from History and the Arts. (2007) New York: Norton, 2008. p. 61.

cacique (back to top)

“The Chiquitano Indians [of Paraguay] have a profound regard for age, revering it as they revere their time-muddled conception of God; and they choose the oldest member of the village as their headman. He has no authority save his own personality, yet he acts as priest in a priestess community. He is responsible for the well-being of the village, instilling a sense of moral obligation into the sun-soaked laziness of the young, marrying his flock, baptizing and burying them until a wandering priest shall arrive and set the seal of the Church on those ceremonies that cannot be postponed. This man is called the cacique.
Julian Duguid. Green Hell. London: George Newnes, 1935. p. 119.

caïque (back to top)
A rowboat on the Bosphorus.
“I therefore took a caïque or native boat (although warned that I would certainly be fired on) and went to Beshiktash, a landing-stage on the Bosphorus which may be regarded as being, so to speak, the seaport of Yildiz, and which was still held by the Sultan’s men.”
Francis McCullagh. The Fall of Abd-ul-Hamid. London: Methuen & Co. Ltd., 1910. p. 243.

“He could quite well have taken a motor launch but as he had ample time he preferred the more leisurely pace of the ancient caïque which better enabled him to enjoy the scenery.”
Dennis Wheatley. The Eunuch of Stamboul. Boston: Little, Brown and Co, 1935. p. 60.

”Instead of finding the ship I wanted, I got incredibly inflated offers to use the caïque for the provisioning instead.”
Ann Chamberlin. The Sultan’s Daughter. New York: Forge, 1997. p. 155.

cairngorn (back to top)
“Rising, she pinned a cairngorn brooch at her neck, and went down to dinner.”
Agatha Christie. And Then There Were None. (1939) New York: Berkley Books, 1991. p. 27.

calaboosed

(back to top)
“‘Eventually I’d reach the Pabei. I’d never met one. Half of them had been calaboosed because they wouldn’t abide by the new laws.
* * *
‘There had been some fighting downriver and the kips came in for a roundup. They calaboosed half the village. This young man had been visiting his cousin — nothing to do with the fight — resisted arrest, and died from a blow to the head.'”
Lily King. Euphoria. (Atlantic Monthly Press, 2014.) Amazon Kindle edition. pp. 16, 44.

Calibanism (back to top)

Primitive, fearful spiritual beliefs; from a character in Shakespeare.

“Unfortunately, The Church did not believe that there was any genuine soul saving religion outside itself; and it was deeply corrupted, as all the Churches were and still are, by primitive Calibanism (in Browning’s sense), or the propitiation of a dreaded deity by suffering and sacrifice.”
George Bernard Shaw, in his 1924 Preface to Saint Joan. New York: Penguin Books, Inc., 1946. p. 30.

“In Caliban the development of intelligence without conscience produces quick-sighted animal sense and cunning; and being also without reverence or sympathy, his contact with a superior produces cowardice, envy, and hate. But some deep-lying instinct of a more spiritual sort makes all the faculties quiver with superstitious dread, and stirs this bestial brother of us all with a vague sense of mysterious powers at work in all things around him. * * * “When the mother tells the very little girl that God is everywhere, the question comes like a shot, ” Is he in the sugar-bowl?” “Yes,” whereupon the child claps on the cover and exclaims in innocent glee, “Then I’ve got him.” This is pure Calibanism minus grown-up malignity.”
“Caliban Upon Setebos.” Charles Gordon Ames. The Boston Browning Society Papers. 1886-1897. London: Macmillan and Co, Ltd. 1897. p, 68, 70. http://www.archive.org/stream/bostonbrowningso00bostuoft/bostonbrowningso00bostuoft_djvu.txt Accessed December 20, 2009.

caparisoned (back to top)
“It was borne between two richly caparisoned mules, whose housing of red cloth covered them almost entirely, whilst tassels of various colours hung about their heads.”
James Morier. Zohrab, the Hostage. London: Richard Bentley, New Burlington Street, 1832. Vol. I, p. 28.

capercailzie (back to top)
”He who pursues such a course becomes as blind and deaf as the cock capercailzie courting his hen in a fir tree — especially at those moments when he imagines he is being most astute.”
Dag Hammarskjöld. Markings [Vägmärken], (1963) Translated by Leif Sjöberg and W. H. Auden, 1964. Ballantine Books/Epiphany, 1987. p. 34.

captious (back to top)

Tom leaned forward and put his hands on the table. ‘Do you know the word captious?’
I shook my head.
‘I didn’t either. Fabulous word—it means apt to notice and make much of trivial faults. Fault-finding. Difficult to please. Sound like anyone you know?’ He set down his cup. ‘I must have been an analyst’s nightmare.’
Stephen Grosz. The Examined Life: How We Lose and Find Ourselves. New York: W. W. Norton and Co., 2013. p. 173.

“Given this large body of work and the diverse issues he addressed, it may seem captious to offer a book (even a short one) that associates Heidegger with an issue he did not write about — that takes as its subject his responsibility for the silence.”

Berel Lang. Heidegger’s Silence. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 1996. p. ix.

“From the monkey house came the loud, insane hooting of some captious primate, filling the whole woodland with a wild hooroar.”

“Twins” by E. B. White. Printed in Understanding the Essay, edited by Edward O. Shakespeare, Peter H. Reinke, and Elliot W. Fenander. USA: The Odyssey Press, 1966. p. 25.

D (back to top)

damne

dalmatica

defixion

degel shachor

deliquesce

demosclerosis

desoufflage

desquamation

dietrologia

dight

disintegrating babelic prism

disordered philological oddments

displacement activities

dissentient

dolmen

draggletail

dreadnaught

drinkitite

dropsical

drouth

duded up

duumvirate

dystopian simulacrum

E (back to top)

ecdysiastically

echolalia

edentulous

egoic

ekpyrotic

electuary

eleemosynary

elixir

enceinte

encomiastic

endopsychic automatism

endovelate

enfeoff

enflesh

ensorcel

entelechy

Ephialtes

eppur si muove

equipoise

espadrilles

eternullity

ethicokabbalistic

etiolated

euhemerized

euphrasie

exinanition

ezelbruggetjes

F (back to top)

fanfaron

farl

farouche

fata morgana

fenrissonr

feridjie

Fernweh

fescennine

filotimo

fingerspitzengefuehl

finical

fissiparous

fitra

flâcherie

flagitious

flamigerous

flapdoodle

flinders

flâneur

flense

floccinaucinihilipilification

flophouse

foolscap

forelock-tugger

froideur

frowardness

frowzy

frühvollendet

furze

fussbudgetry

fylffots

G (back to top)

galenical

galboy

gasmantel

gazofilacio

gastrulate

gay

gegu

Gelassenheit

gentilezza

gerontocracy

gestetnered

gibbous

gimbals

gleet

gloomth

gluggavedur

gnomic

goddam

goffered

gormless

goudou-goudou

greaves

gueridon

guyed

H (back to top)

haboob

Hackordnung

hallux

harridan

haruspicy

haskalah

haversack

heartwood

henna gaijin

hexateuchal

hilla-ridden

hipster

hornbook

humilific

hure

hyperdelic

hypertrophy

I (back to top)

iataxqhana

idiographic

idoneous

Ijtihad

imaginal

immanensity

indigenous pyrophilia

ineffable bosh

inglenook

inouï

involucre

ipsedixitism

irredentist

irrefragable

irremediable smash

irruption

isolatoes

irredentist (back to top)

“States could therefore exploit the threat from the living dead to acquire new territory, squelch irredentist movements, settle old scores, or subdue enduring rivals.”

Daniel W. Drezner. Theories of International Politics and Zombies: Revived Edition. Princeton University Press, 2014.

J (back to top)

Jamahiriya

janeite

jatismara

jet d’eau

juche

K (back to top)

kamptulicon

kantaoming

karass

katagelasticism

kelleh minar

khevisberi

kirtle

kompromat

kova tembel

L (back to top)

Laodicean

latifundum

leman

lettered gentility

liget

lickerish

logomachy

logotherapy

lorgnette

lothario

loup-garou

lupanar

lych-gate

M (back to top)

macadamised

macaronic

Machtstaat

magical thinking

Maginot Line

marl

mantic

man-woman hour

mara

marabout

megrim

mesalliance

methylated

microhistory

misprision

mithridate

moil

monoclinous

monomania

monozukuri

moot

mopery

mother-naked

mortsafe

mulct

muntu

myrmidon

mythologeme

mythoscape

N (back to top)

naivasha

narcostate

nea-con

neuroenteric

neurtue

niblick

nigrescent

nizam

nouement d’aiguillette

 

nomophobia

nonmootness

nonoil

nowism

nuncupative

nurdled

O (back to top)

omerta

omniincompetence

omphaloskepsis

onto-axiological

opacous

opsimath

orfling

oriel

orison

orotund

orrery

ostrich complex

overstand

P (back to top)

palaver

panchreston

papyromania

papyrophobe

parachronism

paraenesis

paralinguistics

parapraxes

paravanes

pawl

percussive sublimation

petrific

pettifoggery

pharyngealised

philosophaster

phrontisterion

phugoid

pillion

pilniewinks

pleonexia

poco-curantism

poltoonery

polymath

pongee

prayopaveshan

precipitevolissimevolmente

predella

prescind

prestidigitatory

promnesia

pronoia

propaedeutics

propheteia

protoplasmic

pseudocyesis

psychomachia

puerility

punctilio

purfled

pyrolatry

pyrophoric

Q (back to top)

quiddity

quisling

R (back to top)

rachmones

raddled

rarebit

rebetika

red kisses

religiofication

repristinate

resident genius

res odiosae

revanchist

rhodomontade

rhothios

rigor cartis

rimbaugh

riverine

roisterer

roozmaregi

S (back to top)

Sabbath gasbag

saccade

salariat

samizdat

sanctibullying

sanguinolent

sapid

sartori

satyagraha

saudade

savonon

saxaul

scalene

scathe

scrump

sdvig

semiliterate famulus

semibarbarous

sempiternal

sexsomnia

sfumato

sgriob

shaffafiyya

shagreen

sham

shambolic

shekkeh

shefakat

shoganai

shrasp

shtarker

simarre

simon-pure

sinecure

sirenomelia

siroc

sirreverence

six sigma

skua-bitten

slainthe

sluttish

snuffling gabble

somatophobia

souterrain

sozzled

spandrel

spatulate

spinet

spiritus fermenti

spoor

stanchion

stelionnat

stentorian

stertorious

stridulation

stupidaggine

suborn

sudoku

suicism

suffumigation

superannuated

superbity

supercinnabar

sutler

swan upping

swivet

synallagmatic

synecdoche

synod unbenign

syntagma

T (back to top)

tabac

tachisme

taikonaut

talatat

tarradiddle

tatterdemalion

tekelteh

telluric

tenterhooks

termagant

tertium quid

Teufelskreis

thakat

thaumaturge

theophorous

theotropic

threnody

Thymotic

tollenone

topoanalysis

totefolio

towzled

treacertains

truckle

turpiloquium

tyro

U (back to top)

uitlander

ukase

undercroft

unkickability

unshriven

unsquopped

upstander

uranography

uitlander (back to top)

A foreigner. (Related to “out” and “land”.)

 

“They [The Boers] hated all these uitlanders, who did not care for citizenship [in South Africa] but who needed and obtained British protection, thereby seemingly strengthening British government influence on the Cape.”

Hannah Arendt. The Burden of Our Time. London: Secker and Warburg, 1951. Published in the US as The Origins of Totalitarianism. p 198.

ukase (back to top)

“The situation in Russia, in 1869, seemed to call for renewed application of this principle; it was an ‘internal affair.’ The expulsion of the Jews was justified on the basis of a tsarist edict, a ukase, dating back to 1825, that barred Jews from living within seven and one half miles (fifty versts) of any of Russia’s borders.”

Jonathan D. Sarna. When General Grant Expelled the Jews. New York: Schocken, 2012. pp. 98-99.

undercroft (back to top)

“But if it [the manuscript] turns out not to be among those that are still uncatalogued, you will have lost very little since if it is in the undercroft, you won’t find it in the next day or two except by the merest accident.”

Charles Palliser. The Unburied. (a novel) New York: Farrar, Strous and Giroux, 1999. p 175.

unkickability (back to top)

“The pigskin’s omnipresent unkickability is the Sisyphean symbol for the whole of Charlie’s life and the pivotal metaphor behind why he matters so much to so many people. … He can’t resist kicking footballs.”

Chuck Klosterman. X: A Highly Specific, Defiantly Incomplete History of the Early 21st Century. New York: Blue Rider Press, 2017. p. 63.

unshriven (back to top)

“…my father also has died unshriven, and his soul is not with God, but burns in unceasing fire.”

Ambrose Bierce and G. A. Danziger. “The Monk and the Hangman’s Daughter.” (1906) Printed in The Monk and the Hangman’s Daughter, and Fantastic Fables. New York: Albert & Charles Boni, 1926. pp. 117.

unsquopped (back to top)

Uncovered (for game pieces in the game of tiddlywinks).

“Players also receive points if their winks are left uncovered (or “unsquopped”) by an opponent’s winks at the end of a match.”

“Unsquoppable” by Sam Apple. MIT News, March/April 2016, p. 21.

upstander (back to top)

“In the online world, we can foster minority influence by becoming ‘upstanders’. To become an upstander means, instead of bystander apathy, we can post a positive comment for someone or report a bullying situation.”

“The price of shame,” a Ted Talk by Monica Lewinsky, March 2015.

uranography (back to top)

“In the time of Pompey, the senator Nigidius Figulus, who was an ardent occultist, expounded the barbarian uranography in Latin.”

Franz Cumont. The Oriental Religions in Roman Paganism. Authorized translation. Chicago: Open Court Publishing Company, 1911. p 164.

V (back to top)

vaivode

vambraces

vardonic

velleities

vertiginous

veve

vexatious

villatic

Vitamin W

voxel

vaivode (back to top)

“The vaivode gave Boumeh a condescending smile.”

Amin Maalouf, Balthasar’s Odyssey (2000) Translated from the French by Barbara Bray. New York: Arcade, 2002. p. 115.

vambraces (back to top)

“‘Patros Athanasios,’ the serving woman said, gesturing to a young dark-haired man in full military uniform – chain-mail shirt, steel greaves, hard leather vambraces, and woolen cloak.”

E. E. Ottoman, Like Fire Through Bone. Tallahassee, Fla.: Dreamspinner Press, 2013.

vardonic (back to top)

A play on the word “sardonic,” as applied to golfer Harry Vardon.

“His concentration was so complete, he seldom spoke during a round and played with an enigmatic, perpetual half-smile on his face so central to his on-course behavior that one writer labeled it ‘vardonic.'”

Mark Frost. The Greatest Game Ever Played: Harry Vardon, Francis Ouimet, and the Birth of Modern Golf. New York: Hyperion, 2002. p. 28.

velleities (back to top)

“He was barely able to withdraw himself from memories, feelings, loose velleities that had escaped him during the week and now in these moments of silence and inner freedom were flowing back on him with urgency.”

Michael Novak, The Tiber Was Silver, Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday and Co, 1961. p. 185.

vertiginous (back to top)

Spinning, or having or causing vertigo (a sense of spinning).

“There is a vertiginous feeling in knowing that the labyrinth repeats itself–with variations–endlessly.”

William Poundstone.  Labyrinths of Reason:  Paradox, Puzzles and the Frailty of Knowledge.  New York:  Anchor Books, 1988. p. 170.

”Lotto kissed the plum presses under her eyes, the freckles on her pale skin. He felt a vertiginous awe.”

Lauren Groff. Fates and Furies. New York: Riverhead, 2015.

veve (back to top)

“A veve is a design that represents the figure and power of an astral force.”

Dean Koontz. Frankenstein: City of Night (#2 of 5 in the Frankenstein series) New York: Bantam, 2005. p. 419.

vexatious (back to top)

Bothersome, concerning.

“Data are vexatious; theory is quite straightforward.”

“The clouds of unknowing.”  The Economist.  March 20, 2010.  p. 83.

villatic (back to top)
Farmyard.

“tame villatic fowl”

John Milton. “Samson Agonistes,” line 1695. Paradise Lost and Other Poems. New York: Penguin, 1981. p. 397.

Vitamin W (back to top)

“He tries to get into Arafat’s army, but again, he doesn’t have the right connections. He doesn’t have “vitamin W.” (Vitamin W is an expression for wasta in Arabic, which refers to political, social, and personal connections.)”

Jessica Stern. Terror in the Name of God: Why Religious Militants Kill. New York: Ecco, 2004. p. 50.

voxel (back to top)

“Neuroscientists divvy up their fMRI scans into tens of thousands of small pieces, called voxels, each corresponding to a small region of the brain. When you scan a brain, even a cold dead fish brain, there’s certain amount of random noise coming through on each voxel.”

Jordan Ellenberg. How Not to Be Wrong: The Power of Mathematical Thinking. New York: Penguin, 2014. p. 103.

W (back to top)

weltschmerz

whoonga

wordfact

weltschmerz (back to top)

“Try to believe you want him here because of what he unwittingly demonstrates when he says he can’t choose between Rice Krispies and Cheerios. What he’s showing you must be weltschmerz: the knowledge that physical reality can never satisfy the demands of the mind.

“To Do List for Morning.” Stephen Ira. Printed in The Collection, ed. by Tom. Léger and Riley MacLeod. New York: Topside Press, 2012. p. 239.

whoonga (back to top)

“…armed gangsters [in South Africa] have begun raiding AIDS clinics and mugging patients to steal the ARV medication, Stocrin. Together with cannabis, rat poison and some other ingredients, it is being used to make a lethal new drug, known as whoonga or wunga. Selling for just 15-35 rand a dose to give you a high, it is spreading like wildfire through the black townships. Just two puffs are said to get you hooked.”

“Getting to grips.” The Economist. Dec. 4, 2010. p. 60.

wordfact (back to top)

The process of how language shapes our perception and ultimately the truth itself.

“There is a danger, however, in the language of symbols, for once words become removed from things, they begin to shape their own reality. John Kenneth Galbraith calls this phenomenon ‘wordfact.’ An excellent illustration is the story of the Emperor’s New Clothes.”

Donna Woolfolk Cross. Word Abuse: How the words we use use us. New York: Coward, McCann and Geoghegan, Inc. 1979. p. 30.

X (back to top)

xeroxlore

xoogler

xeroxlore (back to top)

Rumors spread by photocopying.

“The howlers [among urban legends], it turns out, are examples of a subgenre called xeroxlore. The employee who posts one of these lists admits that he did not compile the items himself but took them from a list someone gave him, which were taken from another list, which excerpted letters that someone in some office somewhere really did receive.”

Steven Pinker. The Language Instinct: How the Mind Creates Language. (1994) New York: HarperPerennial, 1995. p. 388.

xoogler (back to top)

“But his complaint resonates with some Xooglers (the nickname for former Google employees), who say decision-making has become painfully slow as the firm has grown.”

“How long will Google’s magic last?” Economist. Dec. 4, 2010. p. 78.

Y (back to top)

yclept
(back to top)
yoga
(back to top)

yclept (back to top)

Named.

“This mighty monster had a son yclept Sharrkan…”

Richard F. Burton, ed. and trans. The Book of the Thousand Nights and a Night: A Plain and Literal Translation of the Arabian Nights Entertainments. New York: The Limited Editions Club, 1934. Vol 1. “King Omar bin al-Nu’uman and his Sons Sharrkan and Zau al-Makan.” p 520.

yoga (back to top)

An Eastern spiritual practice of stretching and breathing. From the Sanskrit meaning “to join together.”

“And since each degree of change in the heavenly bodies creates a new frequency of energy, the [Jyotish] astrologer must memorize several thousand individual patterns between any two or three planets–these arrangements are called yogas, literally the ‘yoking’ of stars. * * * In ancient India this closing of the gap was described as yoga or union (the same Sanskrit root gave us the verb ‘to yoke’).”

Deepak Chopra. How To Know God: The Soul’s Journey into the Mystery of Mysteries. New York: Harmony Books, 2000. p 264-265, 290.

Z (back to top)

zamburek

zamindar

zar

zareba

zenkey

zamburek (back to top)

“It wore an appearance partaking more of the character of a military expedition than one purely for pleasure; particularly as in the collected crowd were to be seen a body of two hundred camels, called Zamburek, each bearing a small swivel gun on its back, which were fired as the royal foot touched the royal stirrup. * * * As he approached his own horse, he found the astrologer royal ready with his watch to give him the true time for touching his foot with the stirrup, and then by the assistance of his Shatir Bashi, who placed his hand under his arm, he vaulted into the saddle. At that moment, the discharge of the two hundred swivels from the camel artillery was heard, the great band of the nokara, consisting of drums, and cymbals, and hautbois began to play, and there was a shout of laudatory exclamations and prayers from those around.”

James Morier. Zohrab, the Hostage. London: Richard Bentley, New Burlington Street, 1832. Vol. I, pp. 32-33, 34.

zamindar (back to top)

”Still inclined to favor the Muslim way of doing things, Maryam held that it made no difference if you were the daughter of a feudal zamindar or an illiterate Punjabi peasant; every patient at the Paagal Khanaah was treated with kindness.”

Deborah Baker. The Convert: A Tale of Exile and Extremism. Minneapolis: Graywolf Press, 2011. p. 129-130.

zar (back to top)

“Most Ethiopians, including the Beta-Israel, believe in the cult of the zar, a personal spirit that may be male or female, is usually malevolent, and causes terrible disease or other misfortune — most often to women between the ages of fifteen and thirty. The shamans who deal with zars and other spirits are called balazar, master of the zar.

Louis Rapoport. The Lost Jews: Last of the Ethiopian Falashas. New York: Stein and Day, 1980. p. 172.

zareba (back to top)

“Reared in a land where to-morrow is the busiest day of the week, he distrusts bustle, and, lest by an oversight he should be forced to hurry, he has erected a strict zareba of red-tape through which he gazes with a stony, departmental attention to business.”

Julian Duguid. Green Hell. London: George Newnes, 1935. p. 23.

zenkey (back to top)

A hybrid between a donkey mother and zebra father. In 2003, the only living zenkey was at Nasu Safari Park north of Tokyo.

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